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He united the four regions into a single state through a series of conquests beginning in 1902 with the capture of Riyadh, the ancestral home of his family, the House of Saud.
Saudi Arabia has since been an absolute monarchy, effectively a hereditary dictatorship governed along Islamic lines.
Its inclusion expresses the view that the country is the personal possession of the royal family.
In ancient times the Arabian peninsula served as a corridor for trade and exhibited several civilizations.
2300 BC) discovered in a door-socket: "The ships of Dilmun brought him wood as tribute from foreign lands Thamud is the name of an ancient civilization in the Hejaz known from the 1st millennium BC to near the time of Muhammad.
More than 9,000 Thamudic inscriptions were recorded in south-west Saudi Arabia. 100, gave the name of Nabatene to the borderland between Arabia and Syria, from the Euphrates to the Red Sea.
Arabia soon became a more politically peripheral region of the Muslim world as the focus shifted to the vast and newly conquered lands.The kingdom of Lihyan (Arabic: لحيان) or Dedan is an Ancient North Arabian kingdom.It was located in northwestern of the now-day Saudi Arabia, and is known for its Ancient North Arabian inscriptions dating to ca. Kindah was a tribal kingdom that was established in the Najd in central Arabia.Its kings exercised an influence over a number of associated tribes more by personal prestige than by coercive settled authority.Their first capital was Qaryat Dhāt Kāhil, today known as Qaryat al-Fāw.